The Faithful Flock to Fátima, Portugal

January 17th, 2023

Where thousands saw an apparition in 2017, and more make the pilgrimage today

The towering Basilica of Our Lady of Fátima sits at the head of a vast esplanade. At the top of the steps, a covered open-air altar, cathedra (bishop's chair), and pulpit stand ready to conduct Mass to the thousands of pilgrims who come to celebrate the Virgin of Fatima on the 13th day of each month from May through October. In this humble town, Mary appeared to 3 children then to a crowd of thousands. Rick Steves offers insights for visiting Fatima in Portugal.

The faithful continue to make the pilgrimage to the same Portuguese town where Mary was said to have appeared to three children – then to a crowd of thousands. Travel journalist Rick Steves explains the background and offers insights for visiting Fátima in Portugal.

In what might be mistaken for a God-forsaken corner of central Portugal, tens of thousands witnessed an apparition – and the lonely little town of Fátima became a major pilgrimage site for Catholics. Travelers encounter several “apparition sights” in Europe. Fátima might just be my favorite.

It started on May 13, 1917, when three children were tending sheep. Suddenly, the sky lit up and a woman – Mary, the mother of Christ, “a lady brighter than the sun” – appeared standing in an oak tree. In the midst of bloody World War I, she brought a message that peace was coming. The war raged on, and on the 13th day of each of the next five months, Mary dropped in again to call for peace.

Word spread, bringing many curious pilgrims. The three kids – Lucia, Francisco, and Jacinta – were grilled mercilessly by authorities trying to debunk their preposterous visions, but the children remained convinced of what they’d seen.

Finally, on Oct. 13, 70,000 people assembled near the oak tree. They were drenched in a rainstorm when suddenly the sun came out, grew blindingly bright, danced around the sky (writing “God’s fiery signature”), then plunged to the earth. When the crowd came to its senses, the sun was shining and the rain had dried.

In 1930, the Vatican recognized the Virgin of Fátima as legit. Today, thousands of believers come every year to rejoice in this modern miracle. Many walk from as far away as Lisbon – 80 miles away.

Visiting Fátima in Portugal

Fátima is a welcoming place even if you’re just a curious gawker. It’s a huge complex, with two big churches bookending a vast esplanade adjacent to a commercial center. Wandering through the area you see the 21st-century equivalent of a medieval pilgrimage center: lots of beds, cheap eateries, fields of picnic tables and parking lots, and countless religious souvenir stands – all ready for the mobs of people who inundate the place each 12th and 13th day of the month from May through October.

The esplanade, a huge assembly ground facing the basilica, is impressive. The fountain in the middle provides holy water for pilgrims to take home. You’ll see the oak tree and Chapel of the Apparitions marking the spot where Mary appeared; a place for lighting and leaving candles; and a long smooth route on the pavement for pilgrims to approach the chapel on their knees.

The towering Neoclassical basilica’s 200-foot spire has a golden crown and crystal cross-shaped beacon on top. Its facade features Mary of the Rosary, flanked by mosaics in the porticoes of the Stations of the Cross (under statues of the four Portuguese saints). At the top of the steps, an open-air altar, cathedra (bishop’s chair), and pulpit await the next 13th of the month, when the masses will enjoy an outdoor Mass.

Inside the basilica, huge letters arc across the ceiling above the altar, offering up a request for Mary in Latin: “Queen of the Holy Rosary of Fátima, pray for us.” A painting depicting the vision is flanked by chapels dedicated to the Stations of the Cross, and the tombs of the children who saw the vision. Two died in the flu epidemic that swept the world shortly after the visions. Lucia (the only one with whom Mary actually conversed) lived as a Carmelite nun for most of her life, and passed away in 2005 at the age of 97.

Pope John Paul II kicked off the construction of Fátima’s grand Church of the Holy Trinity with a stone from St. Peter’s tomb in the Vatican. Completed in 2007, the huge church can hold 9,000 devotees. It’s circular to symbolize the world, and its striking design is multinational: The architect was Greek, the large orange iron crucifix in front is German, the dazzling mosaic mural is Slovenian, and the crucifix at the altar is Irish. Outside, statues of two popes kneel facing the esplanade (Paul VI, who was here on the 50th anniversary in 1967, and John Paul II, who had a special place for Fatima in his heart and visited three times).

On festival days, up to 100,000 pilgrims may be visiting Fátima in Portugal. Some shuffle on their knees, traversing the mega-huge, park-lined esplanade. In 2017, on the 100th anniversary of the miracle, half a million pilgrims – including Pope Francis – gathered here.

Whether you’re a devout Catholic or just a curious onlooker, a visit to Fátima lets you marvel at the power of faith: Two huge churches and millions of pilgrims – all of it started by three young children and “a lady brighter than the sun.”

PHOTO CAPTION, ABOVE: The towering Basilica of Our Lady of Fátima sits at the head of a vast esplanade. At the top of the steps, a covered open-air altar, cathedra (bishop’s chair), and pulpit stand ready to conduct Mass to the thousands of pilgrims who come to celebrate the Virgin of Fátima on the 13th day of each month from May through October. CREDIT: Rick Steves, Rick Steves’ Europe.

Rick Steves ( writes European guidebooks, hosts travel shows on public TV and radio, and organizes European tours. This column revisits some of Rick’s favorite places over the past two decades. Read more European adventures in his book, For the Love of Europe. Other books include numerous destination-specific travel guides and Travel As a Political Act. You can email Rick at and follow his blog on Facebook.

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